Small Changes Making a Big Difference

Environmental policy and business expert Andrew Winston recently wrote a column for Harvard Business Online about differentiating major changes and incremental changes. When it comes to the revitalizing your business, he argues, the small changes might be just as important as the grand, sweeping ones.

Here's an exerpt:

At a recent executive education program on sustainability, I spoke about the many tactical ways to reduce environmental impacts and save money quickly in areas such as facilities, fleet, IT, telework, and waste (these are the main topics in a free special report I put out recently on green cost cutting). To fit the current economic climate, my focus was specifically on short-term, quick wins. After I finished my talk, an interesting challenge came from one of the program faculty: Given the scale of environmental challenges we face, shouldn't we be talking more about systematic, disruptive changes in how we do business?

After the session, one of the attendees, Mike Desso, Head of the Operations Environmental Sustainability Council for Nestle USA, told me he wanted to ask the group a simple question: "Has anyone here done all the things Andrew suggested?" His point was basically that there are still many simple things companies can do — so why debate whether we're doing the "big" things when we haven't even acted on all the "small" ones yet?

The whole discussion got me thinking a lot about the perceived trade offs between incremental and systematic approaches or, similarly, between incremental and disruptive change. The question is not an idle one given the legitimate concern about whether traditional eco-efficiency approaches will be enough to tackle large-scale environmental challenges.

It would appear on the face of it that incremental approaches won't get us there. So after some thinking, I come down conclusively and the middle. In essence, none of these ideas of change and innovation — incremental, systematic, or disruptive — are independent. Instead, they're pieces of the same strategic and tactical puzzle. Arguably, the concepts are inextricably linked: Don't incremental changes spur thinking about — and if they save money fast, perhaps even fund — the larger shifts we need?

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Andrew Winston is the author of the bestselling book Gold to Green and says he "is dedicated to helping companies use environmental strategy to grow and create enduring value for their communities, customers, employees, and shareholders." For information on how to bring him to your next event, visit

Andrew Winston: Globally Recognized Expert on Green Business, Environmental Strategist, Co-author of "Green to Gold"

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